What is Diabetes?

     Diabetes is a complex disease  in which the body does not assimilate food properly.

Foods consumed are converted into glucose in the stomach and intestine.Glucose  get in blood which then transported to all body cells, and to get inside their need for insulin (a hormone generated by the pancreas).

     Inside the cell, sugar is used to generate cellular energy. If the pancreas does not generate enough insulin or cells do not react properly to it is diabetes. As recommended by the American Association of Diabetes, blood glucose should be between 80 and 120 milligrams per deciliter between meals or when fasting. If blood glucose is outside these values when diabetes occurs. Diabetes has reached epidemic proportions today. World Health Organization provides that developing countries will be most affected by this new epidemic of the 21st century as about 80% of new cases of diabetes will occur in these countries;

     Currently,in developing countries, infectious disease transmission are the first causes of mortality and morbidity. In year2025 first place will be occupied by Chronic noncommunicable diseases (caused by stress): diabetes, heart disease, cancer and chronic respiratory illness;

     Of the over 228 million new diabetics that will occur in developing countries, most will be in the age group 45-64 years;

    Because in developing countries  are diagnosis of diabetes less than half of the patients, complications and morbidity caused by diabetes will increase exponentially:

  • Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness for people aged 20-74 years;
  • Diabetes is the leading cause of terminal chronic kidney failure
  • Foot amputation risk, occurrence and aggravation of cardiovascular disease and strokes is higher in people who suffer from diabetes;
    Pandemic diabetic, especially type 2 diabetes (nonisulinodependentă) has evolved rapidly in association with:
  • Rapid Cultural Change (Stress Adaptation);
  • Ageing Population (Cumulative Stress)
  • Increasing urbanization (Stress adaptation to city life)
  • Changes in the Diet (Food Stress)
  • Daily physical activity volume decrease (lack of feel for the movement is caused by stress and tiredness);
  • Other changes in unhealthy behavior and lifestyle (stress generating Relational, Family, Occupational and Social)

     Without effective prevention activities (by informing and educating all citizens about the causes and consequences of diabetes and how to prevent and recoverability) and without early detection programs and continuous monitoring of diabetic incidence of this serious disease will continue to grow rapidly global;

     Diabetes is a costly disease for both the sick person and the family and society. Unfortunately, these costs are partially covered and sometimes not covered by health insurance schemes in developing countries, over 80% of diabetics in this country alone bear the costs necessary treatment and monitoring diabetes. Therefore they and their families are forced to choose between medication and food, warmth or clothing, and giving to the few available health services for diabetes patients in these countries;

     In developing countries, poverty, ignorance, lack of education and information, Low awareness about the importance of preserving Health, further worsening diabetic condition by delaying detection of disease, worsening its surging. For example many people suffering from type 1 diabetes die before being diagnosed diabetes soon after diagnosis due to inadequate access to treatment of diabetes.